2019年01月10日

How to get rid of dark spots on your face

How to get rid of dark spots on your face

Overview
From freckles and age spots to scars, a lot of things can make your skin tone look uneven. Although harmless, uneven skin may prompt some people to try a variety of skin whitening products.

Although there are many whitening products and solutions on the market, they are not all equal, and some may even be dangerous. Knowing what to look for can help you choose a safe option if you find yourself wanting an evener skin tone.

According to David E. Bank, MD, of the New York Presbyterian Hospital, hyperpigmentation or "black spots" may be caused by acne scars, excessive sun exposure or hormonal changes. “Over time, patients can use a variety of creams and serums to help lighten, brighten and reduce dark areas,” he said.

There are some risks associated with each of these treatment options. Read on to find the option that works best for you.

Hydroquinone cream and serum
Perhaps the most common skin whitening solution is a topical solution containing hydroquinone.

The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) limits the concentration of this active ingredient to 2% in over-the-counter products and 3% to 4% in prescription products. It is the only ingredient in the FDA that is classified as a "bleach."

Although considered safe in cosmetics, the concentration of hydroquinone is limited because it poses a greater risk at higher concentrations. In fact, in South Africa, any use is illegal. It is also listed as “expected to be toxic or harmful” in Canada.

The Environmental Working Group stated that there is strong evidence that the ingredient is a “human skin toxicant” and an allergen. There are also concerns that this ingredient can cause cancer, but existing research is limited.

It is recommended that people use products containing hydroquinone only in the short term if any. If you experience irritation, abnormal skin blackening or any other side effects, stop using it immediately.

Retinoic acid solution
Products such as Retin-A and Renova are another solution. They contain ingredients such as alpha hydroxy acid and retinoic acid, which promote cell renewal, accelerate exfoliation, and promote new, healthy skin growth.

These ingredients can be quite dry, making the skin more sensitive to the sun's rays. If you choose these solutions, it may take a few months for them to complete. Make sure you apply sunscreen every day.

Laser treatment and skin
A more invasive option for reducing dark spots is Q Switch ND YAG Laser Machine treatment. It works by focusing on dark spots with concentrated light energy and removing the skin layer by layer. You are basically burning a layer of dark skin.

There are several different types of laser treatments. This solution is faster than a local product. However, needless to say, there is a risk.


Using Q Switch laser machine skin whitening, you may encounter:

Blood stasis
swelling
Redness
tension
scar
infection
Skin texture changes
Exfoliating and exfoliating products remove dead skin cells or the top layer of the skin. Removing this layer shows a healthier, more even skin underneath. But they also have risks, such as skin irritation.

Natural solution
You can find over-the-counter products that can be whitened and "corrected" with natural ingredients. According to Dr Bank, common compounds in these products include:

Vitamin C
Azelaic acid
Pomegranate extract
β-carotene
Liquorice extract
Although these risks are less than the options listed above, your skin may be sensitive or allergic to almost anything - including "natural" products.

Prevent dark spots
For most people, skin lightening products have little effect compared to risk. Avoiding skin damage first is usually the best solution. Even if there are spots, pay attention to protect the skin and prevent the skin from getting worse.

“Strict sun protection is the key to fading dark spots,” said Dr Bank. “It is important to use products containing barrier components such as zinc oxide and titanium dioxide, otherwise the spots can be recovered even after removal.”

Visiting with a dermatologist may lead you to choose the option with the best prospects and minimal risk.

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Posted by skeily  at 17:19 │Comments(0)

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